The top-secret defence facility, “Gibraltar in the north”, has served during both world wars as well as the cold war. The fortress of Boden consists of around 1200 different installations and has a circumference of approximately 25 kilometres. In the end of the 1990’s, the role of the Swedish Armed Forces ended and today you can take an exciting guided tour in one of the large artillery forts.
On the surface not a lot of the enormous fortress is visible. The only thing you can sense against the raw mountain are elements of steel and concrete. However, during the second world war, the crew in the strategic facility consisted of 15,000 men.
The only so called girdle fortress in Sweden
Boden Fortress played an important part in the structural engineering and history of the Swedish Armed Forces. The facility is Sweden’s only so called girdle fortress, which means that several forts are built separately and then linked together with an interlocking middle piece. The decision to erect a fortress in Boden grew in the of the 1900th century. It was believed that the expansion of the railway would strengthen the threat against northern Sweden and one therefore abandoned the old strategy of having a central defence.
The work on blasting began in 1901 and it then took seven years before the forts could be used, in 1908. The middle pieces were created a few years later and the facility continued to grow between the first and second world war.
Guided tours in the Rödbergsfortet (Red Mountain Fort)
After 90 years of service, in 1998, large sections of the fortress was declared a listed building. Six months later the role that the fortress played in the Swedish Armed Forces ended. Today you can visit Rödbergsfortet, one of the great artillery forts, and take a guided tour through some of the once so covert military areas.
Place on map
961 93 Boden
- Year of Construction:
- Construction year: 1901-07