Oscar II's Fort

The fort protected Gothenburg

Oskar II's Fort at Västerberget in Gothenburg was built in 1899-1907 in order to protect the sea approach to Gothenburg. Previously the only thing protecting the city was Nya Älvsborg Fortress, dating from the seventeenth century. This was removed from the nation's permanent defences at the end of the nineteenth century. The naval fleet in Gothenburg was thus unprotected by any defences, which was not a sustainable position. A decision was taken to build a new facility. Oskar II's Fort was completed in 1907, and the port facing the North Sea now had a modern defence facility.

Oskar II's Fort was built as a regular rock construction, with stores, fire direction and personnel rooms under a thick layer of rock. Around the core facility runs a wide blasted trench.

The fort is mounted with four batteries: Battery I with two 15.2 cm cannon in armoured cupolas, Battery II with two 24 cm cannon in self-lowering gun carriages, Battery III with four 57 mm cannon in armoured cupolas and the "Geatish" battery, with four 57 mm cannon. All cannon from batteries I-III were moved to other sites and more modern facilities during the Second World War. Today the two 24 cm cannon from Battery II are once again at the fort.

The fort has several hundred metres of corridors, kitchens, living quarters, sanitation and technical rooms, a sick bay, offices - a small community for 300 men.

In the 1930s the fortress was considered to be out of date. The facility's military role ceased in 1955. Today you are welcome to visit Oskar II's Fort via a guided tour.


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