Austere utility ­ flamboyant interiors

The decades either side of 1800 featured war and illfortune, with the loss of Finland and Pomerania. Peace was achieved once again with the Constitution of 1809 and Karl Johan as the new king.

The first half of the 19th century saw huge, long-term commitments and a greater focus on utility. As part of the new set-up for national government, in 1818 the First Surveyor's
Office became an independent national body, with its own budget and answerable directly to the government. The division of responsibility between First Surveyor, Marshal of the Realm and the County Governors had become unclear. Now their various tasks would be
made more explicit. The Office of the Marshall of the Realm was to take care of the royal palaces. The First Surveyor's Office would look after the Crown's other properties in Stockholm and the royal demesnes across the country. The First Surveyor would also be
"Head of the Royal Museum" and President of the Royal Academy of Arts. The position of First Surveyor was no longer restricted to architects, going to officials with a keen interest in the arts.By far the greatest construction feats of the early 19th century – the Göta Canal and Karlsborg Fortress – were military projects. Most construction work had a military purpose at this time. Stockholm in particular was given new barracks. Skeppsholmen was equipped with numerous buildings for its naval station plus the new Skeppsholmen Church, all designed and supervised by Fredrik Blom, the leading architect of the period. The great University Library in Uppsala was one of the few major civil buildings constructed. Architecture during this period was characterised by austere utility, simple, solid edifices with sparse decoration. The interiors, on the other hand, could show a flamboyant use of colour and materials, as can be seen in the new décor at Rosersberg Palace.